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Echi del dibattito italiano anni Trenta nella proposta anti-surrealista di Alfredo Mezio (1949-1963)

Michela Morelli

Between the end of the Forties and the Sixties of the twentieth century, on the columns of the periodical «Il Mondo», Alfredo Mezio retrieves and develops some topics linked to the Italian artistic debate of the entre-deux-guerres, among others advocated by Curzio Malaparte, Mario Mafai and Scipione Bonichi, and builds a detailed critique of the surrealist movement. At the same time, the critic describes an Italian way to “surrealism”, unrelated to the international movement, which includes among its protagonists artists such as Mino Maccari, Leo Longanesi, Cesare Zavattini, Luigi Zuccheri and Dino Buzzati. To demonstrate the validity of this approach to the fantastic of Italian and European matrix, different and equidistant from both Atlantic and Soviet ideology and culture and without the pretension of identifying a real artistic school, Mezio counts Jean Dubuffet as one of the best interpreters of this alternative way to “surrealism”.